Augustine/The City of God/Book IX
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Argument—Having in the preceding book shown that the worship of demons must be abjured, since they in a thousand ways proclaim themselves to be wicked spirits, Augustin in this book meets those who allege a distinction among demons, some being evil, while others are good; and, having exploded this distinction, he proves that to no demon, but to Christ alone, belongs the office of providing men with eternal blessedness.
- The Point at Which the Discussion Has Arrived, and What Remains to Be Handled.
- Whether Among the Demons, Inferior to the Gods, There are Any Good Spirits Under Whose Guardianship the Human Soul Might Reach True Blessedness.
- What Apuleius Attributes to the Demons, to Whom, Though He Does Not Deny Them Reason, He Does Not Ascribe Virtue.
- The Opinion of the Peripatetics and Stoics About Mental Emotions.
- That the Passions Which Assail the Souls of Christians Do Not Seduce Them to Vice, But Exercise Their Virtue.
- Of the Passions Which, According to Apuleius, Agitate the Demons Who Are Supposed by Him to Mediate Between Gods and Men.
- That the Platonists Maintain that the Poets Wrong the Gods by Representing Them as Distracted by Party Feeling, to Which the Demons and Not the Gods, are Subject.
- How Apuleius Defines the Gods Who Dwell in Heaven, the Demons Who Occupy the Air, and Men Who Inhabit Earth.
- Whether the Intercession of the Demons Can Secure for Men the Friendship of the Celestial Gods.
- That, According to Plotinus, Men, Whose Body is Mortal, are Less Wretched Than Demons, Whose Body is Eternal.
- Of the Opinion of the Platonists, that the Souls of Men Become Demons When Disembodied.
- Of the Three Opposite Qualities by Which the Platonists Distinguish Between the Nature of Men and that of Demons.
- How the Demons Can Mediate Between Gods and Men If They Have Nothing in Common with Both, Being Neither Blessed Like the Gods, Nor Miserable Like Men.
- Whether Men, Though Mortal, Can Enjoy True Blessedness.
- Of the Man Christ Jesus, the Mediator Between God and Men.
- Whether It is Reasonable in the Platonists to Determine that the Celestial Gods Decline Contact with Earthly Things and Intercourse with Men, Who Therefore Require the Intercession of the Demons.
- That to Obtain the Blessed Life, Which Consists in Partaking of the Supreme Good, Man Needs Such Mediation as is Furnished Not by a Demon, But by Christ Alone.
- That the Deceitful Demons, While Promising to Conduct Men to God by Their Intercession, Mean to Turn Them from the Path of Truth.
- That Even Among Their Own Worshippers the Name “Demon” Has Never a Good Signification.
- Of the Kind of Knowledge Which Puffs Up the Demons.
- To What Extent the Lord Was Pleased to Make Himself Known to the Demons.
- The Difference Between the Knowledge of the Holy Angels and that of the Demons.
- That the Name of Gods is Falsely Given to the Gods of the Gentiles, Though Scripture Applies It Both to the Holy Angels and Just Men.