Augustine/The City of God/Book V

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Book V
Books: Preface | I | II | III | IV | V | VI | VII | VIII | IX | X | XI | XII | XIII | XIV | XV | XVI | XVII | XVIII | XIX | XX | XXI | XXII
Chapters: Preface | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26

Argument—Augustin first discusses the doctrine of fate, for the sake of confuting those who are disposed to refer to fate the power and increase of the Roman empire, which could not be attributed to false gods, as has been shown in the preceding book. After that, he proves that there is no contradiction between God’s prescience and our free will. He then speaks of the manners of the ancient Romans, and shows in what sense it was due to the virtue of the Romans themselves, and in how far to the counsel of God, that he increased their dominion, though they did not worship him. Finally, he explains what is to be accounted the true happiness of the Christian emperors.

Book V [1]

  1. That the Cause of the Roman Empire, and of All Kingdoms, is Neither Fortuitous Nor Consists in the Position of the Stars.
  2. On the Difference in the Health of Twins.
  3. Concerning the Arguments Which Nigidius the Mathematician Drew from the Potter’s Wheel, in the Question About the Birth of Twins.
  4. Concerning the Twins Esau and Jacob, Who Were Very Unlike Each Other Both in Their Character and Actions.
  5. In What Manner the Mathematicians are Convicted of Professing a Vain Science.
  6. Concerning Twins of Different Sexes.
  7. Concerning the Choosing of a Day for Marriage, or for Planting, or Sowing.
  8. Concerning Those Who Call by the Name of Fate, Not the Position of the Stars, But the Connection of Causes Which Depends on the Will of God.
  9. Concerning the Foreknowledge of God and the Free Will of Man, in Opposition to the Definition of Cicero.
  10. Whether Our Wills are Ruled by Necessity.
  11. Concerning the Universal Providence of God in the Laws of Which All Things are Comprehended.
  12. By What Virtues the Ancient Romans Merited that the True God, Although They Did Not Worship Him, Should Enlarge Their Empire.
  13. Concerning the Love of Praise, Which, Though It is a Vice, is Reckoned a Virtue, Because by It Greater Vice is Restrained.
  14. Concerning the Eradication of the Love of Human Praise, Because All the Glory of the Righteous is in God.
  15. Concerning the Temporal Reward Which God Granted to the Virtues of the Romans.
  16. Concerning the Reward of the Holy Citizens of the Celestial City, to Whom the Example of the Virtues of the Romans are Useful.
  17. To What Profit the Romans Carried on Wars, and How Much They Contributed to the Well-Being of Those Whom They Conquered.
  18. How Far Christians Ought to Be from Boasting, If They Have Done Anything for the Love of the Eternal Country, When the Romans Did Such Great Things for Human Glory and a Terrestrial City.
  19. Concerning the Difference Between True Glory and the Desire of Domination.
  20. That It is as Shameful for the Virtues to Serve Human Glory as Bodily Pleasure.
  21. That the Roman Dominion Was Granted by Him from Whom is All Power, and by Whose Providence All Things are Ruled.
  22. The Durations and Issues of War Depend on the Will of God.
  23. Concerning the War in Which Radagaisus, King of the Goths, a Worshipper of Demons, Was Conquered in One Day, with All His Mighty Forces.
  24. What Was the Happiness of the Christian Emperors, and How Far It Was True Happiness.
  25. Concerning the Prosperity Which God Granted to the Christian Emperor Constantine.
  26. On the Faith and Piety of Theodosius Augustus.

  1. Written in the year 415.

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