Augustine/The City of God/Book VII
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Argument—In this book it is shown that eternal life is not obtained by the worship of Janus, Jupiter, Saturn, and the other “select gods” of the civil theology.
- Whether, Since It is Evident that Deity is Not to Be Found in the Civil Theology, We are to Believe that It is to Be Found in the Select Gods.
- Who are the Select Gods, and Whether They are Held to Be Exempt from the Offices of the Commoner Gods.
- How There is No Reason Which Can Be Shown for the Selection of Certain Gods, When the Administration of More Exalted Offices is Assigned to Many Inferior Gods.
- The Inferior Gods, Whose Names are Not Associated with Infamy, Have Been Better Dealt with Than the Select Gods, Whose Infamies are Celebrated.
- Concerning the More Secret Doctrine of the Pagans, and Concerning the Physical Interpretations.
- Concerning the Opinion of Varro, that God is the Soul of the World, Which Nevertheless, in Its Various Parts, Has Many Souls Whose Nature is Divine.
- Whether It is Reasonable to Separate Janus and Terminus as Two Distinct Deities.
- For What Reason the Worshippers of Janus Have Made His Image with Two Faces, When They Would Sometimes Have It Be Seen with Four.
- Concerning the Power of Jupiter, and a Comparison of Jupiter with Janus.
- Whether the Distinction Between Janus and Jupiter is a Proper One.
- Concerning the Surnames of Jupiter, Which are Referred Not to Many Gods, But to One and the Same God.
- That Jupiter is Also Called Pecunia.
- That When It is Expounded What Saturn Is, What Genius Is, It Comes to This, that Both of Them are Shown to Be Jupiter.
- Concerning the Offices of Mercury and Mars.
- Concerning Certain Stars Which the Pagans Have Called by the Names of Their Gods.
- Concerning Apollo and Diana, and the Other Select Gods Whom They Would Have to Be Parts of the World.
- That Even Varro Himself Pronounced His Own Opinions Regarding the Gods Ambiguous.
- A More Credible Cause of the Rise of Pagan Error.
- Concerning the Interpretations Which Compose the Reason of the Worship of Saturn.
- Concerning the Rites of Eleusinian Ceres.
- Concerning the Shamefulness of the Rites Which are Celebrated in Honor of Liber.
- Concerning Neptune, and Salacia and Venilia.
- Concerning the Earth, Which Varro Affirms to Be a Goddess, Because that Soul of the World Which He Thinks to Be God Pervades Also This Lowest Part of His Body, and Imparts to It a Divine Force.
- Concerning the Surnames of Tellus and Their Significations, Which, Although They Indicate Many Properties, Ought Not to Have Established the Opinion that There is a Corresponding Number of Gods.
- The Interpretation of the Mutilation of Atys Which the Doctrine of the Greek Sages Set Forth.
- Concerning the Abomination of the Sacred Rites of the Great Mother.
- Concerning the Figments of the Physical Theologists, Who Neither Worship the True Divinity, Nor Perform the Worship Wherewith the True Divinity Should Be Served.
- That the Doctrine of Varro Concerning Theology is in No Part Consistent with Itself.
- That All Things Which the Physical Theologists Have Referred to the World and Its Parts, They Ought to Have Referred to the One True God.
- How Piety Distinguishes the Creator from the Creatures, So That, Instead of One God, There are Not Worshipped as Many Gods as There are Works of the One Author.
- What Benefits God Gives to the Followers of the Truth to Enjoy Over and Above His General Bounty.
- That at No Time in the Past Was the Mystery of Christ’s Redemption Awanting, But Was at All Times Declared, Though in Various Forms.
- That Only Through the Christian Religion Could the Deceit of Malign Spirits, Who Rejoice in the Errors of Men, Have Been Manifested.
- Concerning the Books of Numa Pompilius, Which the Senate Ordered to Be Burned, in Order that the Causes of Sacred Rights Therein Assigned Should Not Become Known.
- Concerning the Hydromancy Through Which Numa Was Befooled by Certain Images of Demons Seen in the Water.