Augustine/The City of God/Book VII

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Book VII
Books: Preface | I | II | III | IV | V | VI | VII | VIII | IX | X | XI | XII | XIII | XIV | XV | XVI | XVII | XVIII | XIX | XX | XXI | XXII
Chapters: Preface | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35


Argument—In this book it is shown that eternal life is not obtained by the worship of Janus, Jupiter, Saturn, and the other “select gods” of the civil theology.

Book VII

  1. Whether, Since It is Evident that Deity is Not to Be Found in the Civil Theology, We are to Believe that It is to Be Found in the Select Gods.
  2. Who are the Select Gods, and Whether They are Held to Be Exempt from the Offices of the Commoner Gods.
  3. How There is No Reason Which Can Be Shown for the Selection of Certain Gods, When the Administration of More Exalted Offices is Assigned to Many Inferior Gods.
  4. The Inferior Gods, Whose Names are Not Associated with Infamy, Have Been Better Dealt with Than the Select Gods, Whose Infamies are Celebrated.
  5. Concerning the More Secret Doctrine of the Pagans, and Concerning the Physical Interpretations.
  6. Concerning the Opinion of Varro, that God is the Soul of the World, Which Nevertheless, in Its Various Parts, Has Many Souls Whose Nature is Divine.
  7. Whether It is Reasonable to Separate Janus and Terminus as Two Distinct Deities.
  8. For What Reason the Worshippers of Janus Have Made His Image with Two Faces, When They Would Sometimes Have It Be Seen with Four.
  9. Concerning the Power of Jupiter, and a Comparison of Jupiter with Janus.
  10. Whether the Distinction Between Janus and Jupiter is a Proper One.
  11. Concerning the Surnames of Jupiter, Which are Referred Not to Many Gods, But to One and the Same God.
  12. That Jupiter is Also Called Pecunia.
  13. That When It is Expounded What Saturn Is, What Genius Is, It Comes to This, that Both of Them are Shown to Be Jupiter.
  14. Concerning the Offices of Mercury and Mars.
  15. Concerning Certain Stars Which the Pagans Have Called by the Names of Their Gods.
  16. Concerning Apollo and Diana, and the Other Select Gods Whom They Would Have to Be Parts of the World.
  17. That Even Varro Himself Pronounced His Own Opinions Regarding the Gods Ambiguous.
  18. A More Credible Cause of the Rise of Pagan Error.
  19. Concerning the Interpretations Which Compose the Reason of the Worship of Saturn.
  20. Concerning the Rites of Eleusinian Ceres.
  21. Concerning the Shamefulness of the Rites Which are Celebrated in Honor of Liber.
  22. Concerning Neptune, and Salacia and Venilia.
  23. Concerning the Earth, Which Varro Affirms to Be a Goddess, Because that Soul of the World Which He Thinks to Be God Pervades Also This Lowest Part of His Body, and Imparts to It a Divine Force.
  24. Concerning the Surnames of Tellus and Their Significations, Which, Although They Indicate Many Properties, Ought Not to Have Established the Opinion that There is a Corresponding Number of Gods.
  25. The Interpretation of the Mutilation of Atys Which the Doctrine of the Greek Sages Set Forth.
  26. Concerning the Abomination of the Sacred Rites of the Great Mother.
  27. Concerning the Figments of the Physical Theologists, Who Neither Worship the True Divinity, Nor Perform the Worship Wherewith the True Divinity Should Be Served.
  28. That the Doctrine of Varro Concerning Theology is in No Part Consistent with Itself.
  29. That All Things Which the Physical Theologists Have Referred to the World and Its Parts, They Ought to Have Referred to the One True God.
  30. How Piety Distinguishes the Creator from the Creatures, So That, Instead of One God, There are Not Worshipped as Many Gods as There are Works of the One Author.
  31. What Benefits God Gives to the Followers of the Truth to Enjoy Over and Above His General Bounty.
  32. That at No Time in the Past Was the Mystery of Christ’s Redemption Awanting, But Was at All Times Declared, Though in Various Forms.
  33. That Only Through the Christian Religion Could the Deceit of Malign Spirits, Who Rejoice in the Errors of Men, Have Been Manifested.
  34. Concerning the Books of Numa Pompilius, Which the Senate Ordered to Be Burned, in Order that the Causes of Sacred Rights Therein Assigned Should Not Become Known.
  35. Concerning the Hydromancy Through Which Numa Was Befooled by Certain Images of Demons Seen in the Water.
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